Additives to diesel engines

A.

Additive, which increases cetane number

- cetane number is one of basic magnitudes, which characterize the quality of diesel oil. It increases power and torque of engine. It improves the process of ignition of fuel and combustion in cylinders.
C.

Lubricants

- for ecological reasons the content of sulfur and heavy hydrocarbon fractions is reduced in fuels. The lack of these compounds reduces lubricating properties of fuel, what forces to use lubricating additives. They form thin film on metal surfaces of engine, reducing coefficient of friction.
E.

Depressants

diesel oils contains compounds of paraffin, which in low temperatures have a tendency to form crystals, what can cause clogging fuel lines and filters. Depressants are intended to counteract formation of solid substances in fuel or to reduce their sizes.
G.

Antioxidants

- one of main reasons of instability of fuels are processes of oxidation, which occur in them. Such phenomenon contributes to degradation and aging diesel oil. Therefore we apply antioxidants, which block occurring such type of reactions.
B.

Detergents

- fuel and motor oils can form carbon deposits and sediments in engine, particularly at spots, which are exposed to high temperatures. Detergent additives clean engine from the inside and are intended not to allow side products of combustion to form a deposit repeatedly.
D.

Liquid catalytic converters

- many new constructions in diesel engines are equipped with the filter of solid particles DPF, which reduces quantity of contamination in exhaust fumes. These filters undergo often blocking, what in related to perturbation of work of engine. To counteract such phenomenon catalytic converters of oxidation of soot are applied, which burn contamination gathered in whole exhaust system.
F.

Inhibitors of corrosion

- the majority of installations in fuel systems is made of steel, which is exposed to corrosion. Therefore inhibitors are applied, which react with surface of metal, forming on it protective barrier, which counteracts the influence of corrosive factors.
H.

Biocides

- in containers and fuel systems micro-organisms(bacteria and fungi) can be created. As a result of it sediments from dead organisms can appear, which can lead to clogging filters and fuel lines. Biocides eliminate the development and the creation of micro-organisms in diesel oil.

Additives to petrol engines

1.

Inhibitors of oxidation

- one of main reasons of instability of fuels are processes of oxidation, which occur in them. Such phenomenon contributes to degradation and aging petrol. Therefore we apply inhibitors, which block occurring such type of reactions.
3.

Lubricants

- for ecological reasons the content of sulfur and heavy hydrocarbon fractions is reduced in fuels. The lack of these compounds reduces lubricating properties of fuel, what forces to use lubricating additives. They form thin film on metal surfaces of engine, reducing coefficient of friction.
5.

Detergents

- fuel and motor oils can form carbon deposits and sediments in engine, particularly at spots, which are exposed to high temperatures. Detergent additives clean engine from the inside and are intended not to allow side products of combustion to form a deposit repeatedly.
2.

Stabilizers

- they prevent the decay of fuel into organic and water phase. Such decay means the deterioration of ignition properties of petrol and the decrease of octane number. To counteract such phenomenon, components are applied, which absorb water from fuel and prevent formation of corrosion and in winter protect from freezing.
4.

Biocides

- in containers and fuel systems micro-organisms(bacteria and fungi) can be created. As a result of it sediments from dead organisms can appear, which can lead to clogging filters and fuel lines. Biocides eliminate the development and the creation of micro-organisms in diesel oil.
6.

Inhibitors of corrosion

- the majority of installations in fuel systems is made of steel, which is exposed to corrosion. Therefore inhibitors are applied, which react with surface of metal, forming on it protective barrier, which counteracts the influence of corrosive factors.